Select and Sow Grass Seed
Step 1 Selecting
There are four main types of grass seed mixture:
- Fine grass mixture - suitable for light use only. This mixture
will produce a fine looking lawn but it will not stand up to family
type wear and tear.
- Standard grass mixture - suitable for family use. This mixture
will produce a good lawn which will stand up to most of the wear and
tear of a normal family.
- Shade tolerant mixture - suitable for use in shady areas. This
will produce a lawn that can stand up to shady conditions better
than the mixtures above.
- Drought tolerant mixture - suitable for use in unusually dry
areas. This will produce a lawn that can stand up to dry conditions
better than the mixtures above.
Buy your grass seed from a reputable firm and you will not go far wrong.
A week or so before sowing, scatter a couple of handfuls of general
purpose fertilser pellets (Growmore for instance) over each square metre
of soil. Gently rake it into the soil surface.
The best time to sow lawn seed is around end August when the soil
is still warm but the autumn rain will soon be on its way. The
alternative is to sow in
mid April although
you will need to monitor the rain situation in the summer to ensure the
grass seedlings have enough water.
Study the instructions on the seed packets carefully to ensure you
have the correct amount of seed. Sow too little and the lawn may end up
patchy, sow too much and there may be a problem with 'damping off' of
the grass seedlings.
The day for sowing the seed should be fine and calm with the surface
of the soil dry, but damp below the surface. If the weather is too dry
for this, it may be necessary to water the soil a few days before
To sow the seed, divide the total amount of seed into four parts.
Spread the seed by hand as evenly as possible, covering the area four
times as shown below:
Sowing the seed in the way described above will help ensure that the
seed covers all parts of the lawn evenly. If a special seed distributor
machine is used, sow half the seed across the site and the other half up
and down the site.
IMMEDIATELY AFTER SOWING
Lightly rake the surface of the soil to work the seed into the soil and
partly cover it. Keep the lawn watered well with a sprinkler if a
dry spell occurs - this is much more likely with a lawn sown in spring
than with one sown in autumn / fall.
If birds are likely to be attracted to the seed, criss-cross strands
of string or thread 10cm (4 inch) above the surface of the soil.