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Growing Radish Plants

Growing Radish Plants

Care of Radishes
Your radish plants require almost no attention once past the seedling stage - their main requirement is a reasonable supply of water. Do not apply any additional fertiliser to summer or winter radishes, their needs are minimal. 

Sometimes birds take a liking to to radish seedlings, however once past the seedling stage, they leave them alone. 

Harvesting Radish Plant
radish plant 'Saxa'Summer radishes should be harvested when they are crisp and young, normally about five weeks after sowing - consult the seed packet. If they are left in the ground past maturity they will go peppery and the texture will quickly loose its crispness. If you have too many at any one, give them to friends because they do not freeze well and will only last five days or so in the fridge.

The larger winter radish plant takes about 3 to 4 months to mature, but they have been bred to remain in good condition left in the soil for another three or four weeks past maturity. Alternatively, they can be harvested, placed in sand and kept in a cool dark place for a month or so.

Pests and Diseases of Radishes
Radishes are by nature relatively trouble free, and because they mature so quickly, diseases do not have a chance to gain a foothold. The two diseases which can affect them are:

Flea Beetles showing as small holes in the leaves. Click here to go to GardenAction's page on Flea Beetles.

Cabbage Root Fly showing as holes in the roots. Click here to go to GardenAction's page on Cabbage Root Fly.

Radish Question and Answer

Q. Why do my radishes not create a bulb?

A. Radishes will fail to bulb for several reasons. Possibly, they are not properly thinned and are growing too close together. Thin plants to a spacing of 2.5 cm (1 inch) apart when plants first emerge. Radishes should be seeded two to three seeds per inch and thinned when they are about 5cm (2 in) tall to a spacing of one inch apart. Radishes will also not bulb properly when forced to mature during temperatures above 28C (82F).

Q. Sometimes my radishes have a hot, bitter flavor. What is the problem?

A. Off-flavored radishes are caused by planting at the wrong time or poor cultural practices such as low fertility or low moisture resulting in slow growth. For highest quality, radishes should grow fast. Fast growth can be stimulated by adequate fertility and maintaining the soil in a good moisture condition. If radishes are too old, they taste hot.

Q. What causes roots of radishes to crack?

A. This is usually caused by waiting too late to harvest the radishes. Cracking is caused by fluctuations in moisture which cause the root to swell rapidly and crack, especially near maturity.

Q. Are the leaves of radish plants edible?

A. Radish leaves are not poisonous and can be consumed although they have a strong, bitter flavor. Many varieties also produce pods when left past maturity - they look a bit like green chillis. These also are edible, but are not to most people's taste.

Q. What are winter radishes and how do they differ from regular garden radishes?

A. Winter radish varieties produce large roots which may be round or elongated and white, red or black. They require a long season for full growth. The roots may be eaten raw with vinegar or cooked like turnips. The flavor of winter radishes is usually pungent and the texture move fibrous and less crisp than common garden radishes.

Q. My radishes have a black, crusty growth around the globe - why?.

A. This is scab, a soil borne disease. It can be controlled by rotation within the garden to avoid planting in infected soil.



Name: patty
Date posted: June 11, 2011 - 07:02 pm
Message: why are my radishes with flowers on top of plants

Name: Dr T.D.Mishra.
E-mail: Private
Date posted: June 09, 2011 - 02:35 pm
Message: plz.Share with me your gardening experience!

Name: Nayyar Hashmey
E-mail: Private
Date posted: October 25, 2010 - 01:12 am
Message: I planted radish seeds in my backyard kitchen garden. I followed all instructions as provided by my seed supplier. However, its almost more than one month but I see only leaves. Bulbs are almost non existent. Just a string type root that's found under the laves. Can u plz guide wh t cud possibly be the reason/s.